Privileged Access Appliance Prerequisites
This guide walks you through the initial setup and configuration of your Bomgar Appliance. Should you need any assistance, please contact Bomgar Technical Support at help.bomgar.com.
Before starting, it is important to know that until the Bomgar Appliance's prerequisites have been met, you will neither be able to reach your appliance directly by its IP address or hostname nor be able to check for updates or use it to provide privileged access. The Bomgar Appliance requires the following at a minimum:
- Two available power outlets
- A high-speed network connection
- A network router or switch
- A unique, static IP address for the Bomgar Appliance
- A private DNS A-record resolving to the static IP of your appliance. A public A-record and public IP will also be required if external clients will need access to the appliance.
- An SSL web server certificate + intermediate SSL certificate(s), and SSL root. OR, 1 Self-Signed certificate. (See the SSL Certificates and Bomgar Guide.)
- The Bomgar software licensing package
While these meet the minimum requirements, more advanced configurations may require additional items. For example:
- Bomgar mobile clients require an SSL root and intermediate SSL certificate(s).
- Access from external public networks require a public DNS A-record.
- Access from multiple DNS A-records require either multiple web server certificates and/or SAN or wildcard certificate(s).
- Isolating client traffic from multiple networks requires multiple static IP addresses.
- Automatic updating and advanced Bomgar technical support require outbound access to the public internet from the Bomgar Appliance over TCP port 443.
No client software (e.g., access consoles, Jump Clients, Jumpoints, etc.) can be downloaded, installed, or used until Bomgar Technical Support builds a software licensing package for your appliance and you install it per the instructions provided by Support. Because this license package is encoded with the DNS A-record of the appliance as well as its SSL certificate, these must be in place before the license package can be completed.
Several steps should be taken before the Bomgar hardware is delivered and installed:
- Allocate the necessary rack space for the appliance. Ensure the space has the necessary power and network access.
- Reserve a static IP address for the appliance on the network. Refer to the following guides in order to reserve the correct IP address(es):
Configure a DNS A-record for the fully qualified domain name (FQDN) of your new site (e.g., access.example.com).
Note: A private DNS A-record resolving to the static IP address of the appliance will always be necessary. A public A-record and public IP will also be required if clients on public, external networks will need access to the appliance.
Although your appliance can function anywhere in your network with internet access, you will need to decide where in your network you plan to install the appliance prior to this step. If you are going to access systems outside of your network, Bomgar recommends placing your appliance in a DMZ or outside of your internal firewall. See the table below for more details. For assistance with your firewall configuration, please contact the manufacturer of your firewall software.
Note: If you must move the appliance to another location to connect it to the internet, you will need to power down before you unplug it from its power source. If you can log into the /appliance administrative interface, go to the Status > Basics page and click Shut Down This Appliance. Manual shut down is possible if you press and release the power button one time. Wait 60 seconds for the appliance to power down before unplugging the Bomgar Appliance from the power source. When you reconnect the appliance at the new location, you will need to power up again.
Outside your firewall
Does not require that ports 80 and 443 be open inbound for TCP traffic on your firewall. Simplifies the setup process significantly because both the representative and customer clients are built to resolve to a specific DNS; if your registered DNS resolves to a public IP address directly assigned to your appliance, no additional setup is required by you to initiate a session.
May require additional setup depending on your router or routers.
Inside your firewall
Requires port forwarding on your firewall and possibly additional setup of your NAT routing and internal DNS.